Angels in Jewish Tradition

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Jewish Virtual Library article on Angels & Angelology and Angelelogy article from Jewish Encyclopedia are first stops, and together provide a very comprehensive overview.

Malʾakh (מַלְאַךְ), the word most often used, means “messenger” (cf. Ugaritic lak “to send”). … Elsewhere angels are called ʾelohim (usually “god” or “gods”; Gen. 6:2; Job 1:6), more often bene ʾelohim or bene ʾelim (lit. “sons of gods”) – in the general sense of “divine beings.” They are also known as kedoshim (qedoshim; “holy beings”; Ps. 89:8; Job 5:1). Often the angel is called simply “man.”

(Jewish Virtual Library)

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