Angels in Jewish Tradition

Cosmic Reference Library Source Sheet

Jewish Virtual Library article on Angels & Angelology and Angelelogy article from Jewish Encyclopedia are first stops, and together provide a very comprehensive overview.

Malʾakh (מַלְאַךְ), the word most often used, means “messenger” (cf. Ugaritic lak “to send”). … Elsewhere angels are called ʾelohim (usually “god” or “gods”; Gen. 6:2; Job 1:6), more often bene ʾelohim or bene ʾelim (lit. “sons of gods”) – in the general sense of “divine beings.” They are also known as kedoshim (qedoshim; “holy beings”; Ps. 89:8; Job 5:1). Often the angel is called simply “man.”

(Jewish Virtual Library)

Overviews of Angels in Judaism

Resources from Web

And Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Ḥanina, said in the name of Rabbi Eliezer ben Ya’akov: When praying, one should align his feet next to each other, as a single foot, in order to model oneself after the angels, with regard to whom it is stated: “And their feet were a straight foot” (Ezekiel 1:7).
Talmud, Berakhot 10b.28

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Book Excerpts

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Classifications of Angels

Resources from Web

Specific Angels & Myths

Resources from Web

Book Excerpts

Book excerpts are from private files of Cosmic Reference Library including


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